This is a quantitative causal comparative study to determine if there are significant differences in aggression (the number of red cards or yellow cards) awarded to teams between game outcomes (wins, ties, and losses) in Division I of NCAA female soccer in the United States from 2019. The target population for this study is all female soccer teams in the NCAA Division I with 16 matches in the 2019 season. The independent variable is the game outcome (wins, losses, or ties). The dependent variable is the number of red cards or yellow cards awarded for aggressive acts to each team. A one-way MANOVA will be used to determine if significant differences exist in aggression based on game outcomes.
Keywords: Educational leadership, aggression, soccer, women in sports, and college soccer.
John Anthony Thornton